Energy Policy Act of 2005 Federal Energy Provisions at a Glance (article from FEMP Focus Special Issue 2006)

February 27, 2006

Section Provisions

102. Energy management goals

  • Annual energy reduction goal of 2% from FY 2006 - FY 2015
  • Reporting baseline changed from 1985 to 2003
  • In 180 days, DOE issues guidelines (See
  • Retention of energy and water savings by agencies
  • DOE reports annually on progress to the President and Congress
  • DOE recommends new requirements for FY 2016 - FY 2025 by 2014

103. Energy use measurement and accounting

104. Procurement of Energy Efficient Products

  • Federal agencies must purchase only Energy Star qualified or FEMP-designated products for product categories covered by Energy Star or FEMP designation.
  • Exception when not cost-effective for intended use or does not meet agency functional requirements
  • Energy efficient specifications required in procurement bids and evaluations
  • Requires premium efficient products: electric motors, air conditioning, and refrigeration equipment procurements
  • In 180 days, DOE issues regulations

104 (c) Energy efficient products in Federal catalogs

  • Requires federal supply agencies—General Services Administration (GSA) and the Defense Logistics Agency (DLA)—to give priority listing to Energy Star qualified and FEMP-designated products.
  • GSA and DLA must supply only complying products unless the purchasing agency specifies in writing why an exception is needed.

105. ESPCs

  • Reauthorizes ESPCs through September 30, 2016

109. Federal Building Performance Standards

  • Buildings to be designed to 30% below ASHRAE standard or International Energy Conservation Code unless proven to be not life-cycle cost-effective
  • Application of sustainable design principles
  • Agencies must identify new buildings in their budget request and identify those that meet or exceed the standard
  • DOE must include the agency budget information above in the annual report
  • DOE must determine cost-effectiveness of subsequent standard revisions within one year

111. Enhancing efficiency in management of Federal lands

  • Energy efficiency technologies in public and administrative buildings to the extent practical

203. Federal purchase requirement (renewables)

  • Renewable electricity consumption by the Federal government can not be less than:
    3 percent in FY 2007-FY 2009
    5 percent in FY 2010-FY 2012
    7.5 percent in 2013 and thereafter
  • Defines several types of renewables
  • Double credit for renewables (1) produced on the site or on Federal lands and used at a Federal facility or (2) produced on Native American lands
  • Biannual DOE progress reporting beginning no later than April 15, 2007

204. Use of photovoltaic energy in public buildings

  • Establishes a photovoltaic energy commercialization program in Federal buildings
  • Issue rules, develop strategies and reports annually to Congress
  • Install 20,000 solar energy systems in Federal buildings by 2010
  • Requires an evaluation 60-days after passage
  • Authorizes funds for the program

207. Installation of a photoelectric system

  • Authorized funds for a solar wall at DOE's Forrestal Building

1331. Energy Efficient Commercial Buildings Deduction

  • Tax deduction of $1.80 per square foot on new construction after Dec. 31, 2005 if annual energy and power costs of interior lighting systems, heating, cooling, ventilation, and hot water systems are 50% or more below ASRAE Standard 90.1-2001
  • Subsystems may qualify for a $.60 per square foot deduction
  • Treasury will issue regulations to allocate the deduction to the primary designer of a Federal, State, or local government commercial property

1802. Study of Energy Efficiency Standards

  • Study on energy efficiency standards at the site compared to the source of energy production

1833. Renewable Energy on Federal Land

  • Study on the potential of developing wind, solar, and ocean energy on Federal lands