U.S. Department of Energy - Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

Federal Energy Management Program

Federal Greenhouse Gas Requirements

Executive Order (E.O.) 13514 expands the energy reduction and environmental requirements of Executive Order 13423 by making greenhouse gas (GHG) management a priority for the Federal government.

Under Section 2 of E.O. 13514, each Federal agency must:

  • Within 90 days of the order, establish and report to the CEQ Chair and OMB Director a percentage reduction target for agency-wide reductions of Scope 1 and Scope 2 GHG emissions in absolute terms by fiscal year 2020 relative to a fiscal year 2008 baseline of the agency's Scope 1 greenhouse gas emissions.

    • In establishing the target, agencies shall consider reductions associated with:

      • Reducing agency building energy intensity

      • Increasing agency renewable energy use and implementing on-site renewable energy generation projects

      • Reducing agency use of fossil fuels by:

        • Using low GHG emitting vehicles, including alternative fuel vehicles

        • Optimizing the number of vehicles in agency fleets

        • Reducing agency total petroleum product consumption, in agency fleets of 20 or more vehicles, by a minimum of 2% annually through the end of fiscal year 2020 relative to a fiscal year 2005 baseline.

      • Where appropriate, this target shall exclude direct emissions from excluded vehicles and equipment as well as electric power produced and sold commercially to other parties in the course of regular business.

  • Within 240 days of the order, establish and report to the CEQ Chair and OMB Director a percentage reduction target for reducing agency-wide Scope 3 GHG emissions in absolute terms by fiscal year 2020 relative to a fiscal year 2008 baseline of agency Scope 3 emissions.

    • In establishing the target, agencies shall consider reductions associated with:

      • Pursuing opportunities with vendors and contractors to address and incorporate incentives to reduce GHG emissions (such as changes to manufacturing, utility or delivery services, modes of transportation used, or other changes in supply chain activities)

      • Implementing strategies and accommodations for transit, travel, training, and conferencing that actively support low-carbon commuting and travel by agency staff

      • Pursuing greenhouse gas emission reductions associated with other Federal Government sustainability goals outlined within E.O. 13514

      • Developing and implementing innovative policies and practices that address Scope 3 GHG emissions unique to agency operations.

  • Within 15 months of the order, establish and report to the CEQ Chair and OMB Director a comprehensive inventory of absolute GHG emissions, including Scope 1, Scope 2, and specified Scope 3 emissions for fiscal year 2010. Comprehensive inventories shall be submitted annually thereafter at the end of each January for the preceding fiscal year.

Also see guidance and reporting for GHG management.