U.S. Department of Energy - Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

Federal Energy Management Program

Federal Requirements for Operations and Maintenance

The following laws and regulations set advanced metering and measurement requirements for Federal agencies.

Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 2005:

  • Requires all Federal buildings to be metered by October 1, 2012, to ensure efficient energy use and reduce the cost of electricity used in Federal facilities. Advanced meters or metering devices must provide data at least daily and measure the consumption of electricity at least hourly. These devices must be used to the maximum extent practical.

  • Requires Federal agencies to submit to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) an implementation plan identifying personnel responsible for achieving metering requirements, and any determination by the agency that advanced meters or metering systems are not practical in their specific situation.

Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007:

  • Establishes a framework for facility project management and benchmarking. Agencies must identify all "covered facilities" that constitute at least 75% of the agency's facility energy use. An energy manager must be designated for each of these covered facilities. Each facility energy manager will be responsible for:

    • Completing comprehensive energy and water evaluations of 25% of covered facilities each year, so that an evaluation of each facility is completed at least once every four years.

    • Following up on implemented measures, including fully commissioning equipment, putting O&M plans in place, and measuring and verifying energy and water savings.

    • Using a Web application from DOE to certify and track compliance for energy and water evaluations, project implementation and follow up measures, and estimated cost and savings. The Web application will be available to Congress, other Federal agencies, and the public, with some specific data exempted from disclosure for national security purposes.

    • Entering energy use data for each metered building into a benchmarking system, such as the ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager. DOE must select or develop the benchmarking system and issue guidance for its use by December 19, 2008.

Additional requirements spanning energy intensity reductions, new construction and major renovations, renewable energy, water efficiency, greenhouse gases, and other topics are outlined separately.


The following guidance resources are offered to help meet goals and requirements: